While both .rest (for restaurants) and .bar (for, well, bars) have been open for business since 2014, today, October 19 the special, exclusive .bar and .rest are opening up too.

We're talking of course about premium domains.

These are the exclusive .rest and .bar's that are in high-demand, with a steeper price of admission to go with it. Here's just a sample menu of available options:

airport.bar (for that pre-flight grog)
exotic.bar (for all the rum drinks you can stomach)
fight.bar (first rule is: don't talk about fight.bar)
american.bar (play this one again, Sam)
cajun.rest (jumbalaya and crawfish pies)
buenosaires.rest (probably a steak house with a good house Malbec. Tuesdays are Tango night)
detroit.rest (for good food and good music, we assume)

As you can see, it's mostly a mix between some nice generic names and more geographic names.

Open that .bar or .rest you always wanted?:


The South Asian diaspora of late has been gaining in visibility. The Office and Parks and Recreation introduced a mass audience in the US to Mindy Kaling and Aziz Ansari, who have now also gone on to headline their own shows The Mindy Project and Master of None, which challenge viewers to re-think assumptions about identity and how it is represented in media.

South Asians are often pigeon-holed as either doctors, math geeks and lawyers or as convenience store clerks, taxi drivers or call center employees. The reality, obviously, is more complex. And thankfully that complexity is finally breaking into mainstream public consciousness.

Enter .desi, the TLD for the South Asian community, whether born on the Indian subcontinent or far from it, .desi is for anyone who identifies with the South Asian identity.

And from October 16 until December 31, .desi is half-price. That means that a .desi name that's normally $23.14 per year at A rates will be just $11.57 per year*.

So this fall is a great time to celebrate Desi identity with a .desi domain.

Register a .desi?



*Prices in USD. See .desi price page for local prices (including INR).

This is a promo for anyone whoever wanted to be somebody.

The TLD .whoswho is a literal who's who of the internet. And the good news is, you can have your domain in this high-tech update of the old Who's Who catalogs from October 15 until January 31, 2017 at 4:00 PM PST for half price. That's all the prestige of being a who in the .whoswho for just $19.18 for the first year only (normally $38.35 at A rates)*. That applies for all domain creations. Even premium domains will be half-off their normal price.

So if you're a who and want whoever to know who you are, get your .whoswho for half-price while you can.

Choose whose .whoswho?


*Prices in USD. See the .whoswho price page for local prices.

As temperatures in the northern hemisphere start to drop, you can keep warm either by dreaming of roasting chestnuts and panellets for Castanyada or of a feline friend to snuggle up with because from now until January 11, 2017 at 1:00 AM PST, .cat domains are just $5.00 per year at A rates*.

Remember: even though the internet was primarily invented for cat pictures and you can certainly use your .cat domain for that purpose, the .cat registry requires at least one page be published in Catalan (here's a hint: cat pictures = fotos de gats).

Find your .cat?



* Prices in USD. Please see the .cat price page for local prices. 


1. #gandiv5

2. Recently-delegated TLDs

3. In depth: So about that IANA transition ...

6. TLD release calendar

7. Promo roundup

Change is in the air and everything is shifting into a brand new phase.

On our side, we're getting ready for #gandiv5, the next evolution in our website. We'll touch briefly on that just a few lines below here. Then we'll quickly look at this month's recently-delegated TLDs before taking an in-depth look at the ICANN IANA transition that took place, amongst some controversy, on the first of this month.

Of course, we'll also review this month's TLD release calendar so that you can prepare for the coming TLD releases and do our monthly promo roundup (You might want to brace yourself for the .net promo. It's a big one).

Other than that, we're busy preparing. Now, about that #gandiv5 thing we mentioned ...


We're currently on version 4 of our website, but we are rapidly hurdling towards the beta of version 5, which today we're christening with the hashtag #gandiv5. We're not quite ready to unveil anything yet, but here's a sneak peak of what you can look forward to:

  • New account dashboard
  • Multi-organization management under a single account
  • Redesigned DNS service
  • AI-enhanced domain search
  • Mobile-friendly responsive design

Stay tuned of course for more news and updates with #gandiv5.

Back to top

Recently-Delegated TLDs

While we're busy with #gandiv5, ICANN seems preoccupied too. Only seven TLDs were delegated this past month and only two of those weren't brand TLDs.

Get a quick summary of those new TLDs | Back to top

In depth: So about that IANA transition ...

What could have been preoccupying ICANN this past month? Maybe it has something to do with the much-debated IANA transition; When ICANN's contract to manage the IANA function expired and this authority devolved back to ICANN.

De facto, IANA functions have been independent of the US government since ICANN's inception. But now that's officially the case. We reviewed the how and the why this month.

See for yourself here | Back to top

TLD release Calendar

Just three TLDs will be or have already been released this month:


Thursday October 6:

.cam (Sunrise)

Wednesday October 26:

.doctor (Landrush)

Thursday October 27:

.网站 (.xn--5tzm5g "website") (Landrush )


October 2016
Sun Mon Tue Wed Thu Fri Sat





.网站 (.xn--5tzm5g)

Stay tuned for updates!

Back to top

Promo Roundup

There are plenty of promos currently ongoing, many ending at the end of the year, but a couple in particular that we wanted to point out. Both .moe and .net are on promotion for a limited amount of time this week. And .net is especially juicy: it will be just $2.00 for the next three days. Here's the full roundup:

Promos this month

Starting October 1:

.live, .studio, .video half-price through December 31
.design $10.00 through November 30

Starting October 10:

.moe half-price through October 16 only

Starting October 11:

.net $2.00 through October 13 only, FLASH PROMO

Starting October 15:

.whoswho half-price through January 31 

Starting October 16:

.desi half-price through December 31

Ending October 31:

.barcelona $25.00 through October 31
.brussels,.vlaanderen $5.00 through October 31

Ongoing promotions:

Premium .online, .press, .store, .tech, .website on sale
.link $4.50 through November 30
.photo $5.00 through November 30
.audio, .hiphop, .guitars $9.03, $12.84 , and $16.22
through November 30
$7.99 per year in GoLive through December 31

.stream $2.00 per year in GoLive
.me $14.40 through December 31
.accountant, .bid, .cricket, .date, .download, .faith, .loan, .party, .racing, .review, .science, .trade, .webcam, .win $2.00 per year through December 31
.live, .studio, .video 50% off through December 31
.online, .press, .website, .site, .host, .space, .pw, .tech on promo through December 31
.tech, .online, .site renewals 50% off through December 31
 .xyz $3.99 per year through December 31
.black, .blue, .pink, .red, .lgbt, .kim, .shiksha, .poker, .pro, .info, .mobi, .移动 50% off until December 31 (previously June 30)
.gdn $1.50 until until December 31

Back to top


Things are changing, it's not just us. Thanks for choosing Gandi, we're glad to have you on board. And stay aboard for #gandiv5. We'll have more to show you soon ...

In the meantime, you can tweet us @gandibar, email us at feedback@gandi.net, on Facebook, G+, or contact us on the #gandi channel on Freenode. \o/




At midnight on October 1 after the expiration of the US Department of Commerce's contract, IANA authority reverted directly back to ICANN, for the first time removing  nominal US government control over name and number delegation on the internet.

Back in March, we discussed the creation and development of the IANA function by Jon Postel and the mini-coup he effected in 1998 when he unilaterally instructed regional root nameserver operators to switch from Network Solutions's root server to IANA's root nameserver.

We noted that this action led directly to the creation of ICANN by the Clinton administration to take over the IANA function. What we didn't mention at that time, though, was the unique model that ICANN represented as an organization responsible, essentially, for internet governance. Nor did we directly bring up the impending deadline which happened at the end of last month: the expiration of the US Department of Commerce's contract for IANA functions.

The plan, ever since Jon Postel provoked the Clinton administration into creating ICANN, has been to devolve responsibility of IANA functions away from the US Department of Commerce's contract and transition to a "multi-stakeholder model," namely, the one created by ICANN.

Now, with the expiration of the Department of Commerce's contract on September 30, the transition away from any direct governmental control over IANA functions, even the nominal control by the Department of Commerce, is set to take place.

But not without some challenges. ICANN opponents sought to undermine the transition and wanted to renew the Department of Commerce contract.

We're going to get a little topical here. Not because we're trying to make a political statement but because delegating new domains is kind of our home turf, so we happen to know a little bit about this.

What are IANA functions?

If you want the history, see our Tech Fundamentals post on it, but real briefly, IANA is responsible for what are mundane but essential functions required for the internet, such as:

  •     delegating IP address blocks to regional Internet registries, which in turn delegate IP addresses to ISPs, which in turn delegate them, for example, to ISPs, who then delegate them to their customers
  •     administer the root nameservers, which return lists of authoritative name servers for TLDs
  •     administers protocol parameters like URI and character-encoding sets
  •     run the timezone database that is mirrored by computers and other devices on the internet

Or, to put it succinctly: the IANA functions aren't the "phonebook" as they have often been compared to in recent media, they tell you where to find the phonebook. They're at the top of the hierarchy for anytime you (or your computer) need to know how and where to find another device on the internet.

What's at stake?

The question posed by the IANA transition is the question of who gets to govern the internet. There are certain people who claimed that the Department of Commerce contract should have been renewed rather than have the IANA functions devolve directly to ICANN essentially because the US government should continue to govern the internet.

The reason Jon Postel's 1998 redelegation is significant is precisely because it demonstrated that US government control over IANA was symbolic at best. Postel's authority was more important as was the informal consensus among root nameserver operators to comply with Postel's authority.

There is the argument out there, though, that world governments should have equal authority to regulate IANA functions. Various international efforts have been made to move the IANA functions under the purview of some international body, usually part of the United Nations. Many of these proposals are colored with language referring to concepts like "cyber-sovereignty."

Cyber-sovereignty movements seek to formalize a regional control model subservient to local governments, specifically for those critical root nameserver and IP delegation functions. In a sense, to Balkanize them.

At best that would mean the status quo in many places, but it's worth noting the US government has historically exerted little control over IANA functions.

The choice, then, was between two options:

  1. Allow ICANN to formally take over and end the Department of Commerce contract
  2. Renew the contract and thereby open a new round of discussions internationally about how IANA functions should be governed

To be clear: (most) everyone agrees that what isn't broke shouldn't be fixed. The main question was whether the nominal regulatory authority of the US government should be removed entirely or if it should be replaced by regional or intergovernmental authorities.

What's so great about ICANN

It's not so hard to find fault with ICANN and its apparent inefficacy in the face of your pet problem, or its poor record on privacy issues. Or you can characterize its meetings as dry and tedious, but ICANN is a unique proposition.

We haven't extensively covered ICANN's structure, nor will we here (maybe later).

They call it a "multi-stakeholder model." A lot of times this is construed as being controlled by businesses and other private interests, but the reality is that ICANN is a step closer to an open and "democratic" model.

ICANN at least aims for a few core values, chief among them openness and inclusiveness. Despite being headquartered in Los Angeles, ICANN meetings are held at sites around the world, rotating between continents. June 2015, ICANN 53 was held in Buenos Aires, ICANN 54 last October was held in Dublin, then ICANN 55 in Marrakech in March, ICANN 56 in June in Helsinki and ICANN 57 coming in November to Hyderabad.

ICANN meetings are free and open to all, with public forum sessions and live streaming for remote audiences who can even chime in through a chat. ICANN also takes public comments on their website and blog commenting.

ICANN makes decisions through consensus and aims for a "bottom up" agenda.

These are all baked into ICANN's bylaws and they'd need consensus to be changed.

And the important part of the present debate is what role governments play in this process. They obviously do have a seat at the table since world governments are obviously stakeholders. Governments have direct input through the Government Advisory Committee, or GAC for short (like the sound you make when you think about wading chin-deep into ICANN's organization structure).

The GAC advises ICANN on the legal aspects of ICANN policy, especially as it relates to national laws and international agreements. But they are not a decision-making body. The ICANN board has to pay special attention to GAC advice but they don't have to abide by it.

.xxx and nGTLDs

There are two primary instances in which ICANN's multi-stakeholder model has been challenged to date and, in both cases, they involved going against the wishes of a government.

The first was in regards to the sponsored TLD .xxx, which was created by and for the adult entertainment industry.

Despite strong objections to the creation of the .xxx TLD, most especially from world governments and the GAC, ICANN proceeded with its decision to delegate the TLD.

Foreign governments, among which apparently was the European Commission, lobbied the US government not to allow .xxx to be added to the root.

The IANA contract would have allowed the US to unilaterally block .xxx from being delegated, but they did not do so.

The second is in regards to new gTLDs.

Ardent followers of this page are no doubt intimately familiar with the comings and goings of new gTLDs, but on the eve of its introduction, ICANN was awash with criticism, primarily from copyright and trademark protection firms,  who managed to lobby the US Senate and the House of Representatives to take up the issue in a series of hearings. The US Congress then asked the Department of Commerce to intervene to slow down the new gTLD program, going so far as to request ICANN's contract be reviewed.

In the end, though, none of the objections were founded, though the DoC did find fault with ICANN for not communicating better and educating the public more on the almost seven years of work that went into creating a new gTLD program that would have consumer protections and trademark violation mitigation processes baked in.

Both for objections raised regarding .xxx and for objections to the new TLD program, the final appeal came down to the US Department of Commerce and both times the DoC refused to intervene. In other words, when governments, whether the US government or other world governments seek to intervene in ICANN's decision-making process, it is precisely to the DoC and the power to revoke ICANN's contract that they make their appeals.

And now it is exactly this contract which is set to expire and devolve directly to ICANN in a matter of days.

Whatever the outcome, Jon Postel already demonstrated in 1998 that authority over IANA functions does not rest with the US Department of Commerce contract but in the internet community itself. ICANN is the best attempt so far at capturing all the voices of that community and to rule by its founding principle: practical, common-sense, consensus-based decision-making.

However, it's clear in the two highest-profile challenges to the authority of ICANN's multi-stakeholder model that ICANN is most susceptible, for better or for worse, to influence from world governments through its contract with the US Department of Commerce.

How many anime crushes do you have? How large is your J-Pop playlist? How many times have you felt a burning desire to poses a stuffed animal from a video game or an anime t-shirt?

If you answered "more than one" to any of the above, you might be otaku.

And if so, we have good news for you. The TLD just for otaku culture, .moe, is half-price from October 10 through 16, meaning it will be available for just $11.57 per year*. This only lasts one week, so better get one now!

Moe for a .moe?



*Prices in USD. Check the .moe price page for local prices.

ICANN must be a little preoccupied this month.

All September, only seven TLDs were delegated to the root zone, among which five were brand TLDs, leaving only just two true gTLDs.

So we'll keep it short and sweet this month.

.wowSeptember 26

Out of three applicants that also included Google and United TLD Holdco Ltd., who submitted a Public Interest Commitment (no it did not pertain to World of Warcraft), it was Amazon's application that won out in the end.

.通販 (.xn--gk3at1e) — September 30

Meaning "online shopping," .通販 (pronounced "tsuhan") was the last gTLD delegated by ICANN under the IANA contract with the US government, so it seems almost fitting, maybe to the point of irony, that it was an IDN.

Amazon also won out for .通販, despite GAC objections related to utilizing this TLD to possibly monopolize online shopping.

For the record, those five brand TLDs that were delegated were the following:


So you can also look out for domains in those TLDs coming to a browser near you (although if .monster had been a true generic it would have been great for Halloween). Stay tuned for more updates on recently-delegated TLDs next month.

As always, these two TLDs are on the bleeding edge of the new TLD program. We don't know yet how they'll be rolled out to the market, so we can't say for sure whether we'll be offering them at Gandi. We'll try our best, though.

For vloggers and voyuers and photography enthusiasts, a new TLD is now entering the Sunrise phase. Starting on October 5 at 5:00 PM PDT, .cam enters the Sunrise phase, when it will be available for $281.62 per year at A rates*.

Otherwise, from December 12 until December 14, .cam will be available in the Landrush phase for $571.66 per year at A rates*.

And finally, .cam enters the GoLive phase on December 14 at 2:00 AM PST, when it will be available for just $40.25 per year at A rates*.

Get your .cam?


*Prices in USD. See .cam price page for local prices.

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