新頂級域名:基礎知識

自 2008 年以來,ICANN (互聯網名稱與數字地址分配機構) 一直在創建新的頂級域名,以便為網站擁有者提供更多名稱選擇。

2013年,為了讓頂級域名能更加的多元化,新的名稱推出了,有代表地理位置、藝術主題、商業活動等等的新頂級域名。

為什要推出這些新頂級域名?

多年來,人們在建立網站時,多數都會選擇比較常見的網域名稱,例如 ".com"、".net"、".org",甚至像是 ".io" 之類的國家/地區頂級域名。因為似乎每個人的選擇都類似,所以您想要一個短又好記的域名越來越困難。

新推出的頂級域名讓網域名稱有更多的選項。新的名稱,或是通用頂級域名,分為三個不同的類別:公開、半公開 (特定條件才能使用) 與不公開的頂級域名。 新域擴展的創建打開了許多新的有趣的域名選項。 這些新的擴展名或TLD(頂級域)分為三個不同的類別:開放擴展,半開放擴展(僅在特定條件下可用)和封閉擴展。

公開的頂級域名

Available for anyone to acquire, new “open” domain name extensions may be used to fulfill a great variety of purposes. For example, many of them feature non-Latin alphabet characters such as Arabic, Chinese, Hebrew, Sanskrit, and Thai. These new extensions help rendering the web more accessible to non-English speaking communities.

New geographic domain name extensions, referring to precise areas of the world instead of just countries, have also been added. Those who wish to include a location, a city or a region to their domain name can now acquire extensions such as “.paris”, “.corsica”, “.alsace”, or “.nyc”, among many others.

Generic extensions are meant to be used by those who wish for their domain name to portray their website’s contents more accurately. This will help users identify your website’s purpose at a glance. As an example, a website focusing on viral news could greatly benefit from the domain extension “.buzz”.

某些頂級域名非常適合特定的商業活動或是屬性,例如 ".bio"、".sport" 或 ".art"。

半公開的頂級域名

有些域名是為了特殊的類別所存在,只能有特定的身份取得。這個半開放的域名例如 ".museum"、".coop"、".bank" 或 ".finance" 之類的頂級域名,可以協助瀏覽者辨識網站的類型。

未開放的頂級域名

These new domain name extensions are dedicated to large corporations, organizations and brands that may want their own trademarked name as their TLD. For example, companies such as L’Oréal or SNCF may use their dedicated extensions for all their websites, ensuring that they’re instantly recognized as their official communication outlets.

FAQ / 常見問題

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